Laboratori Nazionali del Sud (LNS) is one of the four national laboratories of Italian Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN). Founded in 1976 it currently employs about 150 people (researchers, technicians, PhD and Diploma students) and represents an advancedÂ development center for technology and instrumentation. The research activity is mainly devoted to the study of structure and properties of atomic nuclei, in collaboration with researchers coming from several countries. At LNS two particle accelerators are available: a 15MV Tandem Van De Graaff that in the early '80s was used for the first experiments, and a K800 Superconducting Cyclotron in full operation since 1996. The EXCYT facility for the production of exotic beams, based on the coupled operation of the two mentioned accelerators, is already running.
Research and development of new devices and technologies are typically applied to different fields like biophysics, photonics, cultural heritage. A center for eye-melanoma therapy and a laboratory for the analysis of hystorical and archaeological heritage by means of non-destructive techniques are in operation at LNS. Among the new projects it is worth mentioning a submarine laboratory installed at 2000m depth offshore from Catania, to be used for R&D related to the NEMO project.
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Sito Web: http://www.lns.infn.it/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=209&Itemid=102