The Island of Sicily has over 1000 Km of coastline and a considerable number of ports (39, which account for 25% of the total number of ports in Italy), which are of fundamental importance to the flow of goods to and from the island.
The main Port Authorities are:
- Palermo - Termini Imerese
- Messina - Milazzo
The trend towards port specialization on the island (RORO vessels, containers, tankers, cruise ships, passenger liners etc) will undoubtedly lead to a huge increase in efficiency in the mediumterm.
Another important development in the sector is the Regional Nautical Tourism Scheme which provides for the creation of a large network of ports equipped for leisure craft.
Work is also being carried out towards establishing a network of tourist ports in the Mediterranean.
AirportsSicilian airports account for 7.6% of all flights in Italy.
Catania Airport is the 3rd largest passenger airport in Italy and, in addition, moves 10,000 tonnes of cargo. It has 22 airlines and 60 charter companies operating from the airport. In 2007, a new passenger terminal was opened which will allow for a further increase in the number of flights and the services being offered.
Palermo Airport serves nearly 4 million passengers a year, 5000 tonnes of cargo, 15 airlines and is constantly being expanded.
Comiso Airport (Ragusa), which was opened in 2007, specializes in freight transport and charter flights. It operates alongside Catania Airport (with a joint-management company) to increase services.
Other smaller airports are in Birgi (Trapani), and on the islands of Pantelleria and Lampedusa.
In Sicily, the main roads and motorways cover 3,850 Km (with a density above the national average), alongside provincial, regional and other types of roads which cover a total of 18,000 Km (the second highest of all the regions in Italy).
Railway networkThere are over 1,400 Km of railway lines.
The network runs along the two main axes - Messina-Palermo and Messina-Catania-
Siracusa. Work is currently being done on these routes to double the tracks.
A high speed train on the Messina-Palermo-Catania triangle is expected to be completed before 2015.
Intermodal terminalsThe main intermodal terminals operating today are in Catania Bicocca, Catania Cannizzaro and Palermo Brancaccio.
Two interports in the Termini Imerese (Palermo) area and Catania area are expected to be built, as are a number of other smaller logistics terminals. These will be positioned in strategic points (near ports, airports, railway terminals and motorways).